Bosch, Hieronymus

   Flemish master whose unique style has earned him placement among the most inventive painters in history. Bosch's lack of interest in the rendition of realistic forms and choice of bizarre themes have fascinated art historians who until recently believed that his works were nothing more than fantasies meant to amuse viewers. Now, the view among scholars is that there is deeper meaning to his works. He is now seen as a moralist whose paintings translate the sermons of his day and speak of man's foolishness and its unavoidable cost. His grandfather moved from Aschen to sHertogenbosch, now Holland, in 1399, from which Bosch took his name. He is thought to have been trained by his father, also a painter. Little else is known of his life, except that he was a member of the Confraternity of Notre Dame, that he received commissions from Philip the Handsome of Burgundy, and that he married Aleyt Goyaerts van den Meervenne sometime between 1479 and 1481. The fact that his paintings were often copied suggests that he enjoyed great popularity.
   The Seven Deadly Sins (c. 1475; Prado, Madrid), a painted tabletop once owned by Philip II of Spain along with its companion piece, the Seven Sacraments (now lost), is believed to be Bosch's earliest work. The Death of the Miser (c. 1485-1490; Washington, National Gallery) shows the foolishness of a dying man who takes the money bag from a demon, though the angel next to him points to the crucifix at the window as the road to salvation. The Hay Wain Triptych (c. 1490-1495; El Escorial, Monasterio de San Lorenzo) shows in the central panel a large hay wagon, symbol of earthly goods, followed by the pope, the emperor, noblemen, clergymen, nuns, the rich, and the poor. Among the crowd are the Seven Deadly Sins and on the wagon sit a pair of lovers accompanied by an angel who looks up at Christ in the clouds and by a demon who dances and plays his elongated nose like a trumpet. On the left panel are the Creation of Eve and Expulsion from Paradise, with rebel angels above being cast out of heaven. On the right is a depiction of hell where sinners are tortured by demons. Bosch's best-known work is the Garden of Earthly Delights (c. 1505-1510; Madrid, Prado), a painting that also presents the Creation on the left panel and hell on the right. In the center, humanity engages in all sorts of strange, sinful activities. Though the work is not fully understood and has given scholars much to write about, it is undoubtedly also a moralizing scene that casts humanity in a satirical light.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bosch,Hieronymus — Bosch (bŏsh, bôsh, bôs), Hieronymus. 1450? 1516. Dutch painter whose largely religious works are characterized by grotesque, fantastic creatures mingling with human figures. * * * …   Universalium

  • Bosch, Hiëronymus — ▪ Flemish painter also spelled  Jheronimus Bos,  pseudonym of  Jerome Van Aeken,  also spelled  Aquen, or Aken,  also called  Jeroen Anthoniszoon  born c. 1450, , s Hertogenbosch, Brabant [now in The Netherlands] died Aug. 9, 1516, s… …   Universalium

  • Bosch, Hieronymus — (c1450 1516 Hertogen bosch) (Netherlands)    aka Bosch van Aeken    Painter. A major figure in Northern Renaissance art, his fantasy visions while not unique, certainly stand out as unusually imaginative for his era. Various interpretations have… …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Bosch, Hieronymus — (ca. 1450 1516)    Dutch painter, born at s Hertogenbosch. The son of a painter, he seems to have spent his whole life in s Hertogenbosch, though some art historians find evidence of a trip to Italy. Details of his life are scarce. Even his date… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Bosch, Hieronymus —  (c. 1450–1516) Dutch painter, born Hieronymus van Aken …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Bosch, Hieronymus — soprannome di Van Aeken, Jeroen …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Bosch, Hieronymus van Aken — ► (1450? 1516) Pintor holandés, llamado en España el Bosco. Su obra, de gran crudeza realista y dramática, presenta un notable testimonio del ambiente de su época. Muchos de sus elementos simbólicos representan tradiciones populares y leyendas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hieronymus Bosch — Attributed to Jacques Le Boucq, Portrait of Hieronymus Bosch. c. 1550 Birth name Jeroen Anthoniszoon van Aken Born …   Wikipedia

  • Bosch — Bosch, Andrés Bosch, Hieronymus van Aken Bosch, Juan Bosch, Karl * * * (as used in expressions) Bosch, Hië ronymus Bosch (Gaviño), Juan Haber Bosch, proceso de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bosch [2] — Bosch, Hieronymus de, niederländ. Philolog, geb. 23. März 1740 zu Amsterdam, gest. 1. Juni 1811 als Kurator der Universität Leiden, gab heraus: »Anthologia Graeca« (4 Bde., 1795 1810; Bd. 5 von van Lennep, 1822); auch vorzüglicher lat. Dichter …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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